Marine Corps Knowledge

Marine Corps Knowledge

Marine Corps Birthday – 10 November, 1775

Marine Corps Birthplace – Tun Tavern, Philadelphia, PA

Marine Cops Motto – “Semper Fidelis” – Always Faithful

Faithful to yourself, your comrades, your Corps, and your county

Marine Corps Colors – Scarlet and Gold

Marine Corps Emblem – Eagle, Globe and Anchor

First Commandant of the Marine Corps – Captain Samuel Nicholas

First Amphibious Landing by Marines – Providence Island in the Bahamas

First Marine Corps Aviator – 1st Lt Alfred Cunningham (1912)

First Woman Marine – Opha Mae Johnson (1918)

Marines With Two Medals of Honor – Sgt. Maj. Daily and Maj. Butler.

Type of sword worn by Marine Officers – Mameluke Sword first presented to Lt. Presley N. O’Bannon as a gesture of respect and praise for bravery exhibited at the battle of Derne fortress in Tripoli in 1805.

The “Grand Old Man of the Marine Corps” – General Archibald Henderson (Commandant for 39 years)

“Blood Stripe” – Red strip worn on dress blue trousers – Represents bravery by Marines at the battle of
Chapultepec during the War with Mexico.

Most famous Marine (Awarded 5 Navy Crosses) –  LtGen. Lewis “Chesty” Puller

Marine Mascot – English bulldog named “Chesty”

Marine Nicknames:

“Leathernecks” for collar worn on uniforms years ago.

“Devil Dogs” (TEUFELHUNDEN) – the name given to Marines by German soldiers during World War I because they fought so bravely.

 

Famous Battles

Mexican War (1848) – Veracruz and Mexico City (Montezuma and Chapultepec)

World War I (1914-1918) – Belleau Woods in France

World War II (1941-1945) – Guadalcanal, Iwo Jima, Okinawa, Saipan, Tarawa

Korean War (1950-1953) – Chosin Reservoir

Vietnam (1965-1972) – Hue City; Khe Sahn

Urgent Fury (1983) – Grenada

Beirut (1982-1984) – Lebenon

Desert Storm (1991) – Kuwait

Enduring Freedom (2003-Present) – Afghanistan

Iraqi Freedom (2003-Present) – Iraq